The design of a commercial kitchen is arguably the single most demanding task encountered by a plumbing engineer. Kitchen design incorporates the installation of a great deal of specialized equipment, coordination with multiple consultants, the knowledge of many different and often conflicting codes, the selection and location of large pieces of building equipment, and determination of several key assumptions regarding the use of the kitchen. In addition, all of these kitchen design activities must occur during and in conjunction with the design of the remainder of the project.
In more common, less plumbing-intensive projects, such as office buildings, apartments, warehouses or the non-specialized portions of schools and hospitals, the plumbing engineer encounters a limited number of plumbing fixture types. Water closets, lavatories, showers, mop basins, break room and pantry sinks-these are the commoners among plumbing fixtures. The plumbing engineer is well aware of the use of each and is frequently involved in the selection of these fixtures.